BURGUNDY'S “CLIMATS” – INSCRIBED AS UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE
The classification recognises the uniqueness of the wine area between Dijon and Beaune, and as far as Santenay.
The “Climats”, terroirs of Burgundy, have been inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List. It recognizes the unique character of the wine-producing area between Dijon and Beaune and as far as Santenay. Outstanding scenery, exceptional built heritage, unique know-how – these are the elements that supported an application that came to a conclusion on July 4th 2015.
What is a “climat”?
In Burgundy, a Climat is the name for a specific vineyard site combining vine plots, grape variety and know-how.
The word « Climat » should not be misinterpreted. It is not related to meteorology but is a specific term, unique to Burgundy, designating a specific vineyard site.
Climat, a very precise definition
Each Climat is a vine plot, with its own microclimate and specific geological conditions, which has been carefully marked out and named over the centuries. Each of them has its own story, produces wines with a distinct character and taste and keeps its own place in the hierarchy of crus (Regional Appellation, Village, Premier Cru, Grand Cru). Over one thousand named Climats extend along the 60 kilometres of the thin strip of vineyards running from Dijon to Santenay, just south of Beaune, and among them are some of the most famous names from the world of wine ; Chambertin, Romanée-Conti, Clos de Vougeot, Montrachet, Corton, Musigny...
"In Burgundy, when we speak of a Climat, we do not look up to the sky, we keep our eyes to the ground."
BERNARD PIVOT, WRITER, MEMBER OF THE INSTITUT, PRESIDENT OF THE SUPPORT COMMITTEE
AN EXCEPTIONAL ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
Intrinsically linked to vine cultivation
In this cultural setting created by the Climats, the subtle alchemy between the vine and architectural heritage has shaped the landscape, the towns and the villages. The limestone of Burgundy is ever-present in the subsoil, providing the raw material for the « meurgers » (piles of large stones), enclosures and ancient stone walls used to mark out and protect the parcels of vines. It is also the foundation for the building of vernacular constructions (winegrowers’ houses and cellars) and monuments like the Hospices de Beaune and the Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy in Dijon…The towns, as historical sites of economic, political and cultural power, have long been instrumental in protecting and maintaining the identity, diversity and expertise of the Climats.
In harmony with the passing seasons
The Climats of Burgundy are a living repository of know-how and traditions, and the embodiment of a unique heritage, passed down over the centuries. Throughout the winegrowing year, they punctuate the life of an entire community.