What is Climat?
The word "Climate" should not be misleading. It does not refer to the weather but corresponds here to a specific term that designates the wine-growing region.
A term dating from the 16th century
The word “Climate” appears for the first time in writings in the 16th century. It is then synonymous with the locality. It was a century later that its use became widespread, to embody this new reference to the place and to characterize the differences and the hierarchy between the wines of the Burgundy coast. The notion of Burgundy Climats, in the sense of wine-growing terroir, would be much earlier and go back at least to the High Middle Ages.
In Burgundy, a Climat refers to a parcel of vines, gradually and precisely delimited by man, and which has been recognized by name for centuries, often since the Middle Ages. Each Climat has specific geological, hydrometric, and exposure characteristics. The production of each Climat is vinified separately, from a single grape variety, and the wine thus produced takes the name of the Climat from which it comes. The personality of the Climat is expressed in the wine, vintage after vintage, thanks to the know-how of the winegrower. Nowhere else has man sought to link wine production to its place of production in such a precise and intimate way.
Together, the Climats of Burgundy thus constitute the very essence of the Burgundy viticulture model.
In Burgundy, when we talk about a Climate, we don't raise our eyes to the sky, we lower them to the earth
BERNARD PIVOT, WRITER AND PRESIDENT OF THE SUPPORT COMMITTEE